In the initial period following the end of Japanese rule, and the withdrawal of the National Government to Taiwan, there was an urgent need to establish an educational area where notions of Chinese ethnicity and spirituality could perpetuate.
In the 40th year of the Republic (1951), Late President Chiang Kai-Shek gave Minister of Education Zhang Qi-Yun the task of establishing the botanical gardens in the southern district, with buildings to be constructed in a Chinese palatial style. The construction of five societal establishments: National Museum of History, National Institute for Educational Resources and Research, National Taiwan Arts Education Center, National Taiwan Science Center, and National Education Radio, became the symbols of a dual continuation and modernisation of Chinese art, culture and science.
The building formerly known as the “National Taiwan Science Center” changed its name to“National Taiwan Science Education Center” in 1962. At that time it was an important educational subsidiary institution for promoting Taiwan scientific and social education, and it has launched a series of major events,including establishing the “Itinerant Science Fair,” “Elementary and Middle School Science Exhibition,” “Taiwan International Science Fair,” “National Invention and Innovation Exhibition”and the country's first “4D Motion Theater” and other science-related creative activities, playing an important role in showcasing Taiwan’s Science Education achievements.